Ejector irreversibility characteristics

A. Arbel, A. Shklyar, D. Hershgal, M. Barak, M. Sokolov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study analyzes and characterizes the irreversibility of the ejector's internal processes in an effort to improve the understanding of the making of its overall performance. The analysis presented is based on entropy production methodology. Since entropy production is equivalent to performance losses, minimizing entropy production could serve as a tool for performance optimization. The three main internal processes forming sources of ejector irreversibility are mixing, kinetic energy losses, and normal shock wave. Comparison of these with those of an ideal mixing process, an ideal turbine-compressor system and stagnation conditions (of the flow after mixing) provides the benchmarks against which the actual overall performance is measured. By identifying the sources of irreversibility, the analysis provides a diagnostic tool for performance improvements. While irreversibility due to mixing can be eliminated by appropriate choice of gas and/or inlet conditions and an appropriate adjustable throat can eliminate losses associated with normal shock wave-kinetic energy losses can only be reduced but not totally eliminated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-129
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

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