Eight-month follow-up of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions in recovered COVID-19 patients

Ameen Biadsee*, Or Dagan, Zeev Ormianer, Firas Kassem, Shchada Masarwa, Ameer Biadsee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To investigate the recovery of loss of smell and taste among recovered COVID-19 patients. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional follow-up study is a sequel to a study by Biadsee et al. Among the previous study population of 128 non-hospitalized patients, positive for COVID-19 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), 97 patients participated in a survey designed for this study. Information and data regarding loss of smell and taste, rate of recovery, xerostomia, and additional symptoms; (Cough, Myalgia, Weakness, Rhinorrhea, Nasal congestion) were collected. Results: A total of 43 men and 54 women were included. Mean age was 37.5 years (range 19–74). Mean follow-up was 229 days (range 191–253). Sixty-five patients reported gustatory dysfunction during the disease of which 61.5% reported full recovery, 38.5% partial recovery. Of 65 patients who reported olfactory impairment during the disease, 52% had full recovery and 48% reported partial recovery of olfactory function. Complete recovery of olfactory function was positively associated with full recovery of gustatory function (p = 0.01). Gender did not significantly affect the recovery of OD and GD (p = 0.45, p = 0.90, respectively). Patients who experienced olfactory dysfunction as an initial symptom had lower rates of olfactory complete recovery (p = 0.043). Conclusion: After a mean follow-up of 229 days, complete recovery of smell and taste functions occurred in 52% and 61.5%, respectively. However, dysfunction persisted in 48%–38.5% of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103065
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • COVID-19 recovery
  • Gustatory dysfunction
  • Olfactory dysfunction
  • Post-viral olfactory function loss
  • Xerostomia


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