Egypt’s political order: Continuity and challenges

Ami Ayalon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter examines the structure and basic tenets of the Egyptian regime, discuss the various challenges facing it, and assess its durability. The authoritarian principle still plays a dominant role in the Egyptian system. The president is the author of all important decisions in domestic and foreign matters and makes all major appointments to civilian and military posts. Egypt has long been viewed as a classical model of an “hydraulic society.” Traditional concepts, shaped by geography and Islamic teachings, combine to give the head of the Egyptian state a unique standing. In post-revolutionary Egypt, the notion of charisma has been synonymous with Nasser. Husni Mubarak inherited the leadership of Egypt after a long and exhausting period of intensive political action. The civil bureaucracy, another pillar of the regime, is an hierarchical system of ministries, agencies, and branches administered by the president’s appointed officials and their subordinates.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Politics of Change In The Middle East
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9781000232783
ISBN (Print)9780367295066
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019


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