The Gulf crisis, a historical watershed for certain Middle Eastern countries, had a profound impact on Egypt in many ways, and the potential for even more important changes in times to come. Egypt’s regional and international position was rather comfortable until the outbreak of the Gulf crisis in August. By the end of the year, Egypt was in a position where it had been nominated to play a central role in a major international drama that was about to start, and that would no doubt leave its mark on the country. Interrupting a trend of continual economic decline in Egypt, , the Gulf crisis had a major impact on the country’s material fortunes. Egypt’s sociopolitical scene in 1990 was characterized by an excessive degree of violence. The year 1990 was important in the development of Egypt’s multiparty system, the state’s safety valve for sociopolitical pressures.