Efficient Targeted Degradation via Reversible and Irreversible Covalent PROTACs

Ronen Gabizon, Amit Shraga, Paul Gehrtz, Ella Livnah, Yamit Shorer, Neta Gurwicz, Liat Avram, Tamar Unger, Hila Aharoni, Shira Albeck, Alexander Brandis, Ziv Shulman, Ben Zion Katz, Yair Herishanu, Nir London

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) represent an exciting inhibitory modality with many advantages, including substoichiometric degradation of targets. Their scope, though, is still limited to date by the requirement for a sufficiently potent target binder. A solution that proved useful in tackling challenging targets is the use of electrophiles to allow irreversible binding to the target. However, such binding will negate the catalytic nature of PROTACs. Reversible covalent PROTACs potentially offer the best of both worlds. They possess the potency and selectivity associated with the formation of the covalent bond, while being able to dissociate and regenerate once the protein target is degraded. Using Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) as a clinically relevant model system, we show efficient degradation by noncovalent, irreversible covalent, and reversible covalent PROTACs, with <10 nM DC50's and >85% degradation. Our data suggest that part of the degradation by our irreversible covalent PROTACs is driven by reversible binding prior to covalent bond formation, while the reversible covalent PROTACs drive degradation primarily by covalent engagement. The PROTACs showed enhanced inhibition of B cell activation compared to ibrutinib and exhibit potent degradation of BTK in patient-derived primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells. The most potent reversible covalent PROTAC, RC-3, exhibited enhanced selectivity toward BTK compared to noncovalent and irreversible covalent PROTACs. These compounds may pave the way for the design of covalent PROTACs for a wide variety of challenging targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11734-11742
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume142
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jul 2020

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