Efficient parallelization of a three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver on MIMD multiprocessors

A. Averbuch*, B. Epstein, L. Ioffe, I. Yavneh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present an efficient parallelization strategy for speeding up the computation of a high-accuracy 3-dimensional serial Navier-Stokes solver that treats turbulent transonic high-Reynolds flows. The code solves the full compressible Navier-Stokes equations and is applicable to realistic large size aerodynamic configurations and as such requires huge computational resources in terms of computer memory and execution time. The solver can resolve the flow properly on relatively coarse grids. Since the serial code contains a complex infrastructure typical for industrial code (which ensures its flexibility and applicability to complex configurations), then the parallelization task is not straightforward. We get scalable implementation on massively parallel machines by maintaining efficiency at a fixed value by simultaneously increasing the number of processors and the size of the problem. The 3-D Navier-Stokes solver was implemented on three MIMD message-passing multiprocessors (a 64-processors IBM SP2, a 20-processors MOSIX, and a 64-processors Origin 2000). The same code written with PVM and MPI software packages was executed on all the above distinct computational platforms. The examples in the paper demonstrate that we can achieve efficiency of about 60% for as many as 64 processors on Origin 2000 on a full-size 3-D aerodynamic problem which is solved on realistic computational grids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-142
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Supercomputing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2000


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