Efficient maintenance and self-collision testing for kinematic chains

Itay Lotan*, Fabian Schwarzer, Dan Halperin, Jean Claude Latombe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

The kinematic chain is a ubiquitous and extensively studied representation in robotics as well as a useful model for studying the motion of biological macro-molecules. Both fields stand to benefit from algorithms for efficient maintenance and collision detection in such chains. This paper introduces a novel hierarchical representation of a kinematic chain allowing for efficient incremental updates and relative position calculation. A hierarchy of oriented bounding boxes is superimposed on this representation, enabling high performance collision detection, self-collision testing, and distance computation. This representation has immediate applications in the field of molecular biology, for speeding up molecular simulations and studies of folding paths of proteins. It could be instrumental in path planning applications for robots with many degrees of freedom, also known as hyper-redundant robots. A comparison of the performance of the algorithm with the current state of the art in collision detection is presented for a number of benchmarks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages43-52
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 18th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry (SCG'02) - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 5 Jun 20027 Jun 2002

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the 18th Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry (SCG'02)
Country/TerritorySpain
CityBarcelona
Period5/06/027/06/02

Keywords

  • Bounding Volume Hierarchy
  • Collision Detection
  • Modelling Kinematic Chain
  • Molecular Modelling
  • Self Collisions

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