Efficacy of corneal collagen cross-linking for the treatment of keratoconus: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Zohar Meiri, Shay Keren*, Amir Rosenblatt, Tal Sarig, Liat Shenhav, David Varssano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the efficacy of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for the treatment of keratoconus (KCN). Methods: A systemic literature review and meta-analysis of ocular functional and structural parameters of patients with KCN undergoing cross-linking procedures were performed using PubMed and the web of science. A literature search was performed for relevant peerreviewed publications on population-based studies. Data were analyzed with R software (Meta library), and heterogeneity was assessed with the Cochran Q and I2. A random-effects model was used for high heterogeneity; otherwise a fixed model was used. Sensitivity analysis of particular tested groups was used to explain high heterogeneity. The main outcome measures extracted from the articles were corrected distance visual acuity, uncorrected distance visual acuity, and maximum K. Results: An improvement in visual acuity of 1 to 2 Snellen lines was found 3 months or more after undergoing CXL. Changes were more pronounced in uncorrected visual acuity. Some topography parameters were found to be improved (0.6-1 diopters) 12 to 24 months after CXL. The refractive cylinder improved by 0.4 to 0.7 diopters. Endothelial cell density decreased by 225 cells per square millimeter in the first 3 months and thereafter returned to normal. Corneal thickness was reduced by 10 to 20 mm in the year following CXL but not after 24 months. No changes in intraocular pressure were noted. Conclusions: CXL is a safe and effective method for halting the deterioration of KCN, while slightly improving visual function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-428
Number of pages12
JournalCornea
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cornea
  • Corneal biomechanics
  • Corneal collagen cross-linking
  • Keratoconus
  • Meta-analysis
  • Riboflavin
  • Uva

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