Efficacy of amphotericin B or amphotericin B-intralipid in combination with caspofungin against experimental aspergillosis

Edward Sionov, Sonia Mendlovic, Esther Segal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Infections caused by Aspergillus species are increasing in importance, especially among immunocompromised hosts. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of combination treatment consisting of the polyene amphotericin B (AMB) or amphotericin B-intralipid admixture (AMB-IL) and the echinocandin caspofungin (CAS) in experimental murine systemic aspergillosis. Inhibition of synthesis of a major component of the fungal cell wall and an effect on the cell membrane, by combining echinocandin and a polyene, may result in a synergistic interaction in vitro and in vivo against Aspergillus fumigatus. Methods: ICR mice were immunosuppressed by intraperitoneal (ip) administration of cyclophosphamide (CY). Three days post-CY administration the mice were inoculated intravenously (iv) with A. fumigatus conidia. Infection and treatment were evaluated during an observation period of 30 days in terms of mortality (survival rate and mean survival time) and morbidity (quantitative determination of fungal burden, histopathology, and detection of serum galactomannan). Results: The data showed that combined CAS and AMB or AMB-IL treatment increased the survival of the mice (up to 69.2%) as compared to those treated with each agent alone (44.4, 40.7 and 50%, respectively), and prolonged their mean survival time to 22.5 days. These combinations also resulted in reduction of fungal burden in organs, and decrease in serum galactomannan. Conclusion: The successful results obtained in the experimental animal model of this study may possibly open the way to more effective management of aspergillosis in humans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Amphotericin B
  • Amphotericin B-intralipid
  • Aspergillosis
  • Caspofungin
  • Combination therapy

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