Efficacy and Safety of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Aortic Stenosis Patients with Extreme Age

Katia Orvin*, Abid Assali, Hana Vaknin-Assa, Amos Levi, Gabi Greenberg, Pablo Codner, Yaron Shapira, Alex Sagie, Ran Kornowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the in-hospital and long-term outcomes of patients at extreme age with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: A total of 276 consecutive patients with a mean age of 82.2 ± 5.0 years with severe symptomatic AS underwent TAVI at our institute. We evaluated periprocedural, in-hospital, and long-term outcomes in all patients aged ≥87 years (the highest 20th percentile of age distribution) and compared them with the less elderly patients. RESULTS: The extremely aged group included 58 patients (21%) ≥87 years (mean age, 89.0 ± 1.9 years; 67.2% women). Baseline EuroSCOREs and STS scores were 19.6 ± 11.2% and 9.4 ± 5.0%, respectively. Nineteen patients (34.5%) were considered frail. Following TAVI, all patients regained New York Heart Association class 1-2 functional capacity. The main periprocedural and in-hospital complications were minor vascular complications, bleeding requiring blood transfusions, and the need for permanent pacemaker. None of the patients suffered from clinical stroke. In comparison to the less elderly patients, there were no significant differences in the rates of periprocedural, in-hospital complications or long-term survival (log rank, 0.87). CONCLUSIONS: Meticulously selected patients at extreme age benefit from TAVI with a reasonable overall risk, which does not impact the overall survival or functional status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-480
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume27
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • TAVI
  • extreme age
  • frailty
  • outcome

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