Efficacy and Safety of ALK Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Elderly Patients with Advanced ALK -Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Findings from the Real-Life Cohort

Aseel Bedas, Nir Peled, Natalie Maimon Rabinovich, Moshe Mishaeli, Tzippy Shochat, Alona Zer, Ofer Rotem, Aaron M. Allen, Jair Bar, Elizabeth Dudnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Little is known regarding the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) efficacy and safety in the elderly. Objectives and Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 53) with ALK-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with an ALK TKI were identified through internal databases of three cancer centers and divided into groups A (< 65 years old; n = 34) and B (≥65 years old; n = 19). Progression-free survival (PFS), ALK TKI safety and overall survival (OS) were assessed. Uni- and multivariate PFS and OS analyses were performed. Results: Crizotinib, ceritinib, and alectinib were administered in 94 and 100%, 35 and 31%, 38 and 52% of patients in groups A and B, respectively. The median PFS (months) was 5.4 (95% CI, 3.4-12.4) and 5.6 (95% CI, 2.5-14.7) with crizotinib (log-rank 0.0009, p = 0.9), 4.7 (95% CI, 1.0-11.5) and 23.0 (95% CI, 0.8-27.7) with ceritinib (log-rank 0.44, p = 0.5), and 21.2 (95% CI, 1.2 to not reached, NR) and 5.6 (95% CI, 0.5 to NR) with alectinib (log-rank 0.53, p = 0.5) in groups A and B, respectively. The median OS (months) comprised 29.8 (95% CI, 21.0 to NR) and 25.1 (95% CI, 10.8-53.6) in groups A and B, respectively (log-rank 0.57, p = 0.4). Age affected neither PFS nor OS. 19 and 37%, 50 and 40%, and 0 and 0% of patients in groups A and B, treated with crizotinib, ceritinib, and alectinib, respectively, developed high-grade adverse events. The treatment discontinuation rate was 9 and 21%, 16 and 60%, 0 and 0% with crizotinib, ceritinib, and alectinib in groups A and B, respectively. Conclusions: In the elderly, crizotinib, ceritinib, and alectinib treatments are associated with similar efficacy but different safety profiles; alectinib is associated with a lower rate of high-grade adverse events and a lower treatment discontinuation rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
JournalOncology Research and Treatment
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • ALK inhibitors
  • Alectinib
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase
  • Ceritinib
  • Crizotinib
  • Lung cancer

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