Effects of the subcranial approach on facial growth and development

Benjamin Shlomi, Stella Chaushu, Ziv Gil, Gavriel Chaushu, Dan M. Fliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the long-term effects of subcranial surgery for anterior skull base tumors on facial growth. Study design and setting: Retrospective study (1994 to 2004) in a university-affiliated hospital. Of 108 patients who underwent a subcranial surgical approach for anterior skull base tumors, six adolescents and five young adults fulfilled study entry criteria for age and follow-up data availability (mean, 3.2 ± 2 years). Cephalometric x-ray films monitored postoperative facial growth. Anteriorly and posteriorly measured horizontal and vertical maxillary growth were compared with normal values. Results: All subjects had superiorly positioned maxillae (shorter in patients with long-standing pathologies). The upper incisor teeth were proclined relative to the cranial base reference planes. All cephalometric changes were within a 10 percent deviation of normal values. Conclusions: Subcranial surgery for these tumors minimally affects vertical facial skeleton growth. Early surgery is essential for unaffected horizontal growth. Significance: Guidelines for anterior skull base tumor surgery in adolescents and young adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume136
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

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