Effects of sacral neuromodulation on urinary and fecal incontinence

Ada Rosen, Lee Taragano, Alexander Condrea, Ami Sidi, Yshai Ron, Shimon Ginath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fecal incontinence is defined as involuntary passage of stool through the anus. It may vary from soiling to complete evacuation. This involuntary loss of feces, flatus or urge incontinence adversely affects quality of life. Urinary urge incontinence is characterized by symptoms of frequency, urgency and urge incontinence (either alone or in combination). Urgency frequency syndrome is defined as symptoms of frequency and urgency without incontinence episodes. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation on these pathologies. Methods: Following a detailed investigation, 51 patients with either urinary or fecal incontinence, or both, who did not respond to medical and behavioral treatment were offered the temporary implant. Of the 51 patients 40 showed improvement and advanced for a permanent device. Results: After a mean follow-up of 5 years (range 1–8), there was a significant reduction in the number of incontinence episodes (P < 0.0001), and the number of pads used also declined significantly (P < 0.0001). A marked improvement in quality of life was reported by 71.4% of the women and 58.3% of the men. Conclusions: Sacral neuromodulation as shown in this study appears to be a promising treatment for urinary and fecal incontinence and can dramatically improve patients’ quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-355
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume17
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Electrode
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Quality of life
  • Sacral neuromodulation (SNM)
  • Urinary incontinence

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