Effects of protein kinase C and cytosolic Ca2+ on exocytosis in the isolated perfused rat liver

Rafael Bruck, Michael H. Nathanson, Han Roelofsen, James L. Boyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Both protein kinase C and cytosolic Ca2+ are involved in the regulation of exocytosis in a number of cell types. However, the relative importance of each of these for apical exocytosis in the hepatocyte is unknown. To investigate this, we studied the effects of protein kinase C and Ca2+ agonists on horseradish peroxidase excretion in the isolated perfused rat liver. Vasopressin increased both horseradish peroxidase concentration and net horseradish peroxidase excretion in bile, and these effects were abolished by the protein kinase C inhibitor H‐7. The protein kinase C activator phorbol dibutyrate also increased both net excretion and the concentration of biliary horseradish peroxidase. In contrast, the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 and the Ca2+ mobilizing agent 2′,5′‐di (tertbutyl)‐1,4,‐benzohydroquinone both had minimal effects on horseradish peroxidase concentration and inhibited the rate of horseradish peroxidase excretion. These results suggest that protein kinase C stimulates apical exocytosis in the hepatocyte, whereas increased Cai2+ per se does not influence exocytosis and inhibits excretion only transiently by reducing bile flow. (Hepatology 1994;20:1032‐1040).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1032-1040
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes


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