Effects of micro-environment- and malignant cell-derived interleukin-1 in carcinogenesis, tumour invasiveness and tumour-host interactions

Ron N. Apte, Yakov Krelin, Xiaoping Song, Shahar Dotan, Eli Recih, Moshe Elkabets, Yaron Carmi, Tatyana Dvorkin, Roslayn M. White, Lubov Gayvoronsky, Shraga Segal, Elena Voronov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) comprises a family of closely related genes; the two major agonistic proteins, IL-1α and IL-1β, are pleiotropic and affect mainly inflammation, immunity and haemopoiesis. IL-1β is active solely in its secreted form, whereas IL-1α is active mainly as an intracellular precursor. IL-1 is abundant at tumour sites, where it may affect the process of carcinogenesis, tumour growth and invasiveness and the patterns of tumour-host interactions. Here, we review the effects of micro-environment- and tumour cell-derived IL-1 on malignant processes in experimental tumour models. We propose that membrane-associated IL-1α expressed on malignant cells stimulates anti-tumour immunity, while secretable IL-1β derived from the micro-environment or the malignant cells, activates inflammation that promotes invasiveness and induces tumour-mediated suppression. Inhibition of the function of IL-1 by the inhibitor of IL-1, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), reduces tumour invasiveness and alleviates tumour-mediated suppression, pointing to its feasible use in cancer therapy. Differential manipulation of IL-1α and IL-1β in malignant cells or in the tumour's micro-environment may open new possibilities for using IL-1 in cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-759
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anti-tumour immunity
  • Carcinogenesis
  • IL-1α
  • IL-1β
  • Immunogenicity
  • Tumour invasiveness
  • Tumour-host interactions

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