Effects of localized pontine lesions on auditory brain-stem evoked potentials and binaural processing in humans

Hillel Pratt*, Andrey Polyakov, Vered Aharonson, Amos D. Korczyn, Rina Tadmor, Barbara C. Fullerton, Robert A. Levine, Miriam Furst

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives and methods: Four sets of measurements were obtained from 11 patients (44-80 years old) with small, localized pontine lesions due to vascular disease: (1) Menaural auditory brain-stem evoked potentials (ABEPs; peaks I to VI); (2) Binaural ABEPs processed for their binaural interaction components (BICs) in the latency range of peaks IV to VI; (3) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brainstem; and (4) psycheacoustics of interaural time disparity measures of binaural localization. ABEPs and BICs were analyzed for peak latencies and interpeak latency differences. Three- channel Lissajous' trajectories (3-CLTs) were derived for ABEPs and BICs and the latencies and orientations of the equivalent dipoles of ABEP and BICs were inferred from them. Results: Intercomponent latency measures of monaurally evoked ABEPs were abnormal in only 3 of the 11 patients. Consistent correlations between sites of lesion and neurophysiological abnormality were obtained in 9 of the 11 patients using 3-CLT measures of BICs. Six of the 11 patients had absence of one or more BIC components. Seven of the 11 had BICs orientation abnormality and 3 had latency abnormalities. Trapezoid body (TB) lesions (6 patients) were associated with an absent (two patients with ventral-caudal lesions) or abnormal (one patient with ventral- rostral lesions) dipole orientation of the first component (at the time of ABEPs IV), and sparing of this component with midline ventral TB lesions (two patients). A deviant orientation of the second BICs component (at the time of ABEPs V) was observed with ventral TB lesions. Psychoacoustic lateralization in these patients was biased toward the center. Rostral lateral lemniscus (LL) lesions (3 patients) were associated with absent (one patient) or abnormal (two patients) orientation of the third BICs component (at the time of ABEPs VI); and a side-biased lateralization with behavioral testing. Conclusions: These results indicate that: (1) the BICs component occurring at the time of ABEPs peak IV is dependent on ventral-caudal TB integrity; (2) the ventral TB contributes to the BICs component at the time of ABEPs peak V; and (3) the rostral LL is a contributing generator of the BICs component occurring at the time of ABEP peak VI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-520
Number of pages10
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology - Evoked Potentials
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1998

Keywords

  • Auditory brain-stem
  • Binaural interaction components
  • Evoked potential
  • Generator
  • Human
  • Stroke

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