Effects of inhaled corticosteroids and inhaled cromolyn sodium on urinary growth hormone excretion in asthmatic children

R. Soferman, N. Sapir, Z. Spirer, A. Golander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Over the past few years there has been an increasing awareness that asthma is a chronic inflammatory airways disease. The current therapeutic strategies for treating asthma focus on suppressing the inflammatory process by using cromones or inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The beneficial effects of ICS in asthma are now well known, but its detrimental effect on linear growth remains a controversial issue. The aim of this open label, nonrandomized, cross-sectional, one-time study was to determine the influence of these drugs on urinary growth hormone (U-GH) levels in prepubertal asthmatic children. U- GH levels were measured in 47 prepubertal asthmatic children who had been treated for at least 6 months with either ICS (beclomethasone or budesonide at a mean daily dose of 360 μg) or with 80 mg daily dose of cromolyn sodium (CrS). There were also nine healthy children who served as a control. These three groups of children were matched for age and gender ratio. The mean level of U-GH in the CrS-treated group was 2.94 ± 0.96 ng/night; this was significantly higher compared to the mean level of the ICS-treated group (1.99 ± 0.83 ng/night; P < 0.001) and to the mean level of the control group (1.98 ± 0.39 ng/night; P < 0.006). There was no significant difference between the mean level of U-GH in the group treated by ICS and the controls (P< 0.9). These results show that the mean levels of U-GH secretion of the children who were treated by CrS for 6 months was significantly increased, compared to the mean U-GH level of the ICS-treated group and the controls. The mean U-GH levels in the last two groups showed no statistically significant difference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-343
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Cromolyn sodium
  • Growth
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Urinary growth hormone

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