Effects of captopril on metabolic and hemodynamic alterations in global ischemia and reperfusion in the isolated working rat heart

M. Arad, A. Shotan, L. Horowitz, R. Klein, B. Rabinowitz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the isolated working rat heart model, we studied metabolic and hemodynamic effects of 5- and 30-min global ischemia followed by reperfusion and assessed the potentially beneficial effect of captopril 80 μg/ml added throughout the experiment. Creatine kinase (CK) and catecholamines were measured in coronary effluent. De novo eicosanoids (prostaglandin E2) synthesis was assessed in endocardial explants. Hemodynamic alterations occurred after 30-min ischemia and were reflected most dramatically by a reduction in cardiac output (CO 72 ± 10% of baseline values in captopril vs. 68 ± 16% in controls) without significant differences as a result of treatment. Captopril shortened reperfusion ventricular fibrillation (VF) duration (6.9 ± 1.2 vs. 13.6 ± 8.7 min, p < 0.05) but had no effect on VF incidence. No differences occurred in norepinephrine (NE) outflow, whereas total CK release was greater in controls. Five controls versus none of the treated hearts (p < 0.05) released trace amounts of epinephrine during reperfusion. Increased de novo PGE2 synthesis was demonstrated after 5-min I (465 ± 168 vs. 238 ± 75 pg/100 mg tissue per hour, p < 0.01). Captopril stimulated production of PGE2in normoxic hearts (p < 0.02), but the difference was no more apparent in ischemic hearts. We conclude that captopril produces some biochemical and electrophysiologic evidence of myocardial salvage, but these effects are not sufficient to induce hemodynamic improvement after global ischemia and reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-323
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1992

Keywords

  • Captopril
  • Global ischemia
  • Isolated heart
  • Prostaglandin synthesis
  • Reperfusion

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