Effects of calcium entry blockers on distribution of blood volume

Shmuel Oren, Ehud Gossman, Edward D. Frohlich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate the effects on hemodynamics and the distribution of blood volume of various calcium entry blocker (CEB) agents, we invasively studied 24 hypertensive patients before and after treatment with isradipine, diltiazem, and verapamil. All three agents reduced arterial pressure through a significant fall in total peripheral resistance without causing reflex tachycardia, while preserving stroke volume and cardiac output. Verapamil reduced the central blood volume (CBV) and the ratio of CBV to total blood volume (TBV) in the supine position (P < .05), suggesting peripheral venodilatation. Isradipine and verapamil modified the responses to head-up tilt. The orthostatic decrease in stroke volume was accentuated following treatment, and it was associated with a greater fall in the ratio of CBV to TBV, suggesting that these two agents attenuate the reflex venoconstriction induced by postural change. In contrast to verapamil and isradipine, diltiazem did not affect volume distribution in the supine or head-up positions. These results suggest that the effect of CEBs varies in order of venodilatory effect from verapamil to isradipine to diltiazem, with verapamil having the greatest effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-632
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1996

Keywords

  • arterial hypertension
  • calcium entry blocker
  • diltiazem
  • Hemodynamics
  • isradipine
  • venodilatation
  • verapamil

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