Effectiveness of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators to Reduce Mortality in Patients With Long QT Syndrome

Meng Wang, Derick R. Peterson, Spencer Rosero, Scott McNitt, David Q. Rich, Christopher L. Seplaki, Bronislava Polonsky, Ilan Goldenberg, Wojciech Zareba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The effectiveness of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) on reducing mortality has not been well studied in patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS). Objectives: This study aimed to assess the survival benefits of ICDs in the overall LQTS population and in subgroups defined by ICD indications. Methods: This study included 3,035 patients (597 with ICD) from the Rochester LQTS Registry with a QTc ≥470 milliseconds or confirmed LQTS mutation. Using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models, the risk of all-cause mortality, all-cause mortality before age 50 years, and sudden cardiac death (SCD) were estimated as functions of time-dependent ICD therapy. Indication subgroups examined included patients with: 1) nonfatal cardiac arrest; 2) syncope while on beta-blockers; and 3) a QTc ≥500 milliseconds and syncope while off beta-blockers. Results: During the 118,837 person-years of follow-up, 389 patients died (137 before age 50 years, and 116 experienced SCD). In the entire population, patients with ICDs had a lower risk of death (HR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.34-0.86), death before age 50 years (HR: 0.29; 95% CI: 0.14-0.61), and SCD (HR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.09-0.55) than patients without ICDs did. Patients with ICDs also had a lower risk of mortality among the 3 indication subgroups (HR: 0.14; 95% CI: 0.06-0.34; HR: 0.27; 95% CI: 0.10-0.72; and HR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.19-0.96, respectively). Conclusions: ICD therapy was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality, all-cause mortality before age 50 years, and SCD in the LQTS population, as wells as with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in indication subgroups. This study provides evidence supporting ICD implantation in patients with high-risk LQTS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2076-2088
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume78
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • genotype
  • implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • long QT syndrome
  • mortality
  • mutation
  • sudden cardiac death

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