Effectiveness and Safety of Remote Cardiac Rehabilitation for Patients After Acute Coronary Syndrome

Ranin Hilu, Feras Haskiah, Abid Khaskia, Abid Assali, Igal Baron, Mustafa Gabarin, Jacob Chen, David Pereg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiac rehabilitation improves cardiovascular outcomes in patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Recently there has been a growing interest in remote cardiac rehabilitation (RCR) programs. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of RCR compared with center-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR). This is an observational study including patients after hospital admission for ACS. The study group included patients at low-to-moderate risk for cardiovascular complications who were referred for RCR. The control group included patients at similar risk who participated in CBCR. The primary end points were the improvement of at least 10% to 25% in exercise capacity after 6 months of cardiac rehabilitation. Included were 305 patients who completed 6 months of cardiac rehabilitation. Of them, 107 patients participated in RCR and 198 in CBCR. RCR patients were younger and more frequently males. Improvement of ≥10% in exercise capacity after 6 months was achieved more frequently in patients participating in RCR compared with CBCR (69.3% and 55% respectively, p = 0.03). A similar trend was observed for improvement of ≥25% in exercise capacity after 6 months (33.8% and 22.7% in RCR and CBCR, respectively, p = 0.05). While weight reduction and the increase in muscle mass were similar in the 2 groups, fat percent reduction was significantly greater in the RCR compared with the CBCR (2.5% and 1.4% respectively, p <0.005). We conclude that RCR program is an effective and safe option for low-risk patients after hospital admission for ACS. It enables optimizing the utilization of this important service for patients with coronary artery disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume207
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • center-based cardiac rehabilitation
  • exercise capacity
  • remote cardiac rehabilitation

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