The effect of an air-water spray on the adhesion of lining materials to both overlying composite restorations and cavity walls was evaluated. An in vitro study was performed on extracted molar teeth: Two resinous light-cured liners and one calcium hydroxide, chemically activated liner were compared. Teeth were restored with composite materials and subjected to cyclic thermal changes so that microleakage could be evaluated. Results indicated that adaptation between the restorative material and the liner was effective, regardless of whether the oxygen-inhibited layer was removed by being rinsed. A definite gap was detected between the liners tested and the dentin cavity walls.