Effect of two traditional polyacrylic acid conditioners and 2% chlorhexidine digluconate on cavosurface microleakage of glass ionomer restorations

Diva Lugassy, Pnina Segal, Sigalit Blumer, Michal Eger, Asaf Shely, Shlomo Matalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: A lack of appropriate adhesiveness is one of the biggest problems in restorative dentistry today and the main cause of microleakage. This is especially true in pediatric dentistry where moisture control is more difficult to achieve. Glass ionomer restorative materials increase adhesion and decrease microleakage given their chemical adhesion to the remaining tooth substance. Pretreatment improves the adhesion quality. The aim of this study was to assess the microleakage of Glass ionomer restorative materials following application of 20% polyacrylic acid, 10% polyacrylic acid or 2% chlorhexidine digluconate in Class V cavities. Study design: Two Class V preparations were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 24 extracted human molars. The gingival wall was set below or above the CEJ. The teeth were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 was treated with 20% polyacrylic acid or 10% polyacrylic acid. Group 2 was treated with 10% polyacrylic acid or 2% chlorhexidine digluconate. Microleakage was evaluated using a light-reflecting stereomicroscope and stain penetration test. Results: Two percent chlorhexidine digluconate was as efficient as the other conditioners. No statistically significant differences were found among the three types of conditioners. Dye penetration was significantly greater into dentin than into enamel among all three conditioners in both groups (P<0.001). Conclusion: Two percent chlorhexidine digluconate, with its known added advantages, can be used as a pretreatment conditioner in GI restorations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • 2% chlorhexidine digluconate
  • GI restorations
  • Microleakage
  • Polyacrylic acid conditioner

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