Effect of training on health and functional status in older adults with intellectual disability

Eli Carmeli*, Joav Merrick, Yitshal N. Berner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Policy makers and the welfare system need to respond to the unique needs and expectations of ageing people with a lifelong intellectual disability (ID). Lack of physical activity, along with functional decline, may result in falls-yet little attention has been paid to the balance capability of older adults with ID. A total of 27 participants, chosen from a sample of foster home residents in Haifa, Israel, were assigned to two groups for this study: group A underwent a 6-month balance training programme and group B underwent a 6-month muscle strengthening programme. The evaluation procedures included the short-form health survey questionnaire, a physical performance test and a functional reach test. The results showed improvements in function between baseline tests and post-training programme tests in both groups, yet group A demonstrated a more significant improvement in balance capability and general health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-485
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Ageing
  • Balance
  • Intellectual disability
  • Muscle strengthening
  • Physical training


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