Effect of Secukinumab and Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors on Humoral Response to BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccine in Patients With Spondyloarthritis Compared to Immunocompetent Controls

Tali Eviatar*, Victoria Furer, Ari Polachek, Devy Zisman, Hagit Peleg, Ofir Elalouf, David Levartovsky, Ilana Kaufman, Adi Broyde, Amir Haddad, Joy Feld, Maher Aassi, Erhard Quebe-Fehlin, Ivette Alarcon, Sara Pel, Daphna Paran, Ori Elkayam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To assess the humoral response to the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine among patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) receiving secukinumab (SEC) compared to those receiving tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) and immunocompetent controls. Methods. Consecutive patients with psoriatic arthritis or axial SpA receiving SEC (n = 37) or TNFi (monotherapy, n = 109; + methotrexate [MTX], n = 16), immunocompetent controls (n = 122), and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving TNFi therapy (controls, n = 50) were vaccinated with 2 or 3 doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine. We evaluated humoral response, adverse events, and disease activity, and monitored for breakthrough coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) postvaccination. Results. The 2-dose vaccine regimen induced a comparable seropositive response in all study groups. S1/S2 antibody titers (in binding antibody units/mL; mean [SD]) were higher in the SEC group vs the TNFi + MTX-SpA and TNFi-RA groups (192.5 [68.4] vs 104.6 [46.9], P < 0.001, and 143.1 [81.9], P = 0.004). After 6 months, 96.3%, 96.6%, and 80.9% of the SEC, immunocompetent, and TNFi monotherapy-SpA groups (P = 0.10), respectively; 66.7% of the TNFi + MTX-SpA group (P = 0.03); and 63% of the TNFi-RA group (P = 0.004) remained seropositive. S1/S2 antibody titer decline was steeper in the TNFi groups than the SEC group. After the third dose, 100% of the SpA and immunocompetent and 88.9% of the TNFi-RA (P = 0.25) groups were seropositive. Rate of breakthrough COVID-19 infection was higher in the TNFi groups than in the SEC group (36-37.5% vs 10.8%). No significant between-group differences were observed for postvaccination disease activity and adverse events. Conclusion. SEC did not interfere with the immunogenic response to BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with SpA; however, TNFi therapy was associated with lower S1/S2-antibody titers, faster decline, and higher rate of breakthrough infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Funding

FundersFunder number
Novartis

    Keywords

    • immunogenicity
    • mRNA vaccine
    • psoriatic
    • secukinumab
    • spondyloarthritis
    • tumor necrosis factor inhibitors

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