Effect of residual stresses on delamination cracks in fiber reinforced composites

Leslie Banks-Sills, Vinodkumar Boniface, Rami Eliasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the processing of cross-ply fiber reinforced materials, residual stresses, as well as possible transverse cracking may arise. These affect the stress field about a delamination between two layers. In this investigation, the effect of residual stresses resulting from curing and transverse cracks is examined. A 0°/90°/0° ply system is considered with a delamination assumed between one of the 0° and 90° layers. The residual stresses along the interface without the delamination are calculated. First, this analysis is done neglecting the transverse cracks in the 90° layer. Then, the transverse cracks are included and several methods are employed to calculate the residual stresses. These include the shear lag method, a semi-analytic method and the finite element method. It is seen that the latter two methods produce similar results. By means of the superposition principle, the stress intensity factors resulting from the residual stresses are obtained for the delamination. Use is made of the conservative M-integral with tractions along the crack faces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
JournalInterface Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • Delamination
  • Fiber reinforced composites
  • Finite element method
  • Residual stresses
  • Shear lag method
  • Transverse cracks


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