Effect of red dyes on blue light phototoxicity against VSC producing bacteria in an experimental oral biofilm

U. Jeffet, R. Nasrallah, N. Sterer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oral malodour is considered to be caused mainly by the production of volatile sulfide compounds (VSC) by anaerobic Gram-negative oral bacteria. Previous study showed that these bacteria were susceptible to blue light (wavelengths of 400-500 nm). In the present study, we tested the effect of blue light in the presence of red dyes on malodour production in an experimental oral biofilm. Biofilms were exposed to a plasma-arc light source for 30, 60, and 120 s (i.e. fluences of 41, 82, and 164 J cm-2, respectively) with the addition of erythrosine, natural red and rose bengal (0.01, 0.1 and 1% w/v). Following light exposure biofilm samples were examined for malodour production (Odour judge), VSC production (Halimeter), VSC producing bacteria quantification using microscopy sulfide assay (MSA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Results showed that the exposure of experimental oral biofilm to blue light in the presence of rose bengal caused an increased reduction in VSC and malodour production concomitant with an increase in ROS production. These results suggest that rose bengal might be effective as a blue light photosensitizer against VSC producing bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046011
JournalJournal of Breath Research
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • antibacterial
  • malodour
  • photosensitizer
  • phototoxic

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