Effect of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor α on the induction of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in the treatment of established B16 melanoma liver nodules

A. Eisenthal*, J. K. McIntosh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Incubation of C3H/Hen thymocytes in the presence of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) augmented the generation of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) when compared to cells cultured in TNF or IL-2 alone. This effect was optimal when 100-200 units/ml IL-2 was used together with 103-104 units/ml TNF. TNF alone at any concentration could not mediate the induction of ADCC. Similar to the results obtained in vitro, TNF, when given alone, had no effect on the generation of ADCC in vivo. The addition, however, of TNF to IL-2, given at 10 000 and 20 000 but not 40 000 units, enhanced the IL-2-induced ADCC on a per-cell basis. Furthermore, TNF enhanced the total ADCC activity in various organs including the liver, spleen and thymus as a result of an increase in the number of mononuclear cells isolated from these organs. The increase in total ADCC activity was optimal when 110 000-220 000 units (5-10 μg) TNF were employed together with IL-2. The combined treatment with TNF and IL-2 also increased the intracellular benzyloxycarbonyl-l-l-lysinethiobenzyl-ester esterase content in cells isolated from the livers of mice treated with these cytokines. On the basis of these results we treated mice bearing a single B 16 melanoma nodule with TNF and TNF + IL-2 given with or without anti-B 16 monoclonal antibody. We found that TNF administration augmented the anti-tumor effect of specific anti-B 16 antibodies, and the addition of IL-2 further increased this anti-tumor effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor α on the induction of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in the treatment of established B16 melanoma liver nodules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this