Background: Esomeprazole is commonly administered with food; however, clinical data to support this practice are lacking. We aimed to determine the effect of postprandial ingestion of esomeprazole on reflux symptoms among patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods: Consecutive patients with GERD adequately controlled with esomeprazole 40 mg daily, entered a 2-week lead-in period during which esomeprazole was administered 30 min before breakfast. Patients were then randomized to continue preprandial ingestion or to ingest esomeprazole following a standardized meal. Outcomes included GERD frequency and severity indices, GERD-health-related quality of life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire and Short Form 36 (SF-36). Results: Thirty-two patients (17 [53.1%] men, aged 53.5 ± 17.2 years) were included, and 16 (50%) switched to postprandial ingestion of esomeprazole. GERD frequency and severity decreased in both groups (Δ9.0 ± 7.2 vs. Δ10.0 ± 8.1, p = 0.29; Δ6.6 ± 6.8 vs. Δ10.2 ± 7.4, p = 0.57 in postprandial group vs. controls, for frequency and severity, respectively). GERD-HRQL improved in both study groups to a similar degree (Δ10.7 ± 10.5 vs. Δ10.0 ± 13.8, p = 0.97). All SF-36 subscores increased in both groups to a similar degree. In a mixed linear model, there were no differences between the study groups in the changes observed in GERD frequency (p = 0.49), severity (p = 0.32), and GERD-HRQL (p = 0.98) during the study period. Conclusion: Switching to postprandial administration of esomeprazole is not associated with deterioration in reflux symptoms among patients with GERD. Esomeprazole seems to remain efficacious when administered after meals.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Proton pump inhibitor