Effect of perioperative COX-2 and beta-adrenergic inhibition on 5-year disease-free-survival in colorectal cancer: A pilot randomized controlled Colorectal Metastasis PreventIon Trial (COMPIT)

Itay Ricon-Becker, Rita Haldar, Maytal Shabat Simon, Mordechai Gutman, Steve W. Cole, Shagmar Ben-Eliyahu, Oded Zmora*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Based on translational and epidemiological evidence, perioperative inhibition of beta-adrenergic and COX2 signaling can reduce the risk for post-surgical metastatic disease. Here we aimed to assess in a pilot study the impact of a perioperative combined COX-2 and beta-adrenergic blockade on long-term cancer outcomes in colorectal cancer patients undergoing curative surgery. Materials and methods: Thirty-four newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients without evidence of metastases enrolled in this double-blinded placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial (treatment, n = 16; placebo, n = 18). A 20-day oral treatment of propranolol and etodolac regimen was initiated 5 days before surgery. Beneficial effects on short-term molecular biomarkers of cancer progression were reported earlier. Here we present outcomes of five postoperative years of disease-free-survival and overall survival. Results: Adverse event rates were equivalent between the two groups. Intent-to-treat analyses of 5-year follow-up showed that 2/16 (12.5%) vs 9/18 (50%) patients exhibited recurrence in treatment vs placebo groups, respectively (p = 0.033), and 2/16 (12.5%) vs 4/18 (22%) died (p = 0.467). In protocol compliant patients 0/11 (0%) vs. 8/17 (47%) exhibited recurrence in treatment vs. placebo groups, respectively (p = 0.007), and 0/11 (0%) and 3/17 (17.6%) died (p = 0.151). Conclusions: In this pilot clinical trial, a combined perioperative treatment with propranolol and etodolac significantly improved 5-year disease-free-survival. The small sample size and a single center study design merits caution in interpreting these results, specifically in estimating the effect-size. Larger studies in colorectal cancer are warranted and needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-661
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Beta-blocker
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Metastases
  • NSAIDs
  • Perioperative

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