Effect of normal ageing on the sites of aortic bifurcation and inferior vena cava confluence: A CT study

L. Kornreich, H. Hadar, J. Sulkes, M. Gornish, J. Ackerman, N. Gadoth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The object of this retrospective study was to determine the sites of abdominal aortic bifurcation and inferior vena cava confluence in relation to age and sex. The study group comprised 180 subjects (90 males and 90 females) divided into 9 groups by age (in decades). The positions of the aortic bifurcation and the inferior vena cava confluence were evaluated by CT, and linear regression models were fitted to the data. The positions of the aortic bifurcation and venous confluence showed a highly significant downward shift with increasing age (p = 0.0001). The shift was more pronounced in women. The mean site of the aortic bifurcation for the whole group was at lower L4 (range, upper L3 to upper S1); in males, it was at upper L4 (range, upper L3 to upper L5), and in females at lower LA (range, upper L3 to upper S1). The mean site of the venous confluence for the whole group was at disc L4-L5 (range, lower L3 to upper Si); in males, it was at disc L4-L5 (range, upper LA to disc L5-S1), and in females at disc L4-L5 (range, lower L3 to upper S1). Thus, the aorta and the inferior vena cava can extend as low as the level of S1. These data are of relevance in laparoscopic procedures, especially in laparoscopic lumbar discectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Aortic bifurcation
  • Computed tomography
  • Vena cava confluence

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