Mean-field, Hartree-Fock theory has been successful in explaining many nonlinear optical experiments in semiconductors. But recently experiments have shown important cases where the mean-field theory (the semiconductor Bloch equations) fails. One such case is bulk GaAs in a strong magnetic field. Here the exciton-exciton interaction can be tuned by varying the magnetic field, providing an excellent method for studying the transition from a regime where mean-field theory is valid to a regime where exciton-exciton correlations must be taken into account. We perform ultrafast time-resolved four-wave mixing on bulk GaAs in a magnetic field, and compare our experimental results with theoretical calculations which go beyond Hartree-Fock theory. We find excellent qualitative agreement. Furthermore, because of the strong correlations that are present, GaAs in a magnetic field presents an excellent opportunity to study the exciton-exciton correlations themselves. We investigate the coherence of the exciton-exciton correlations as the temperature and free-carrier density are varied, and find a surprising sensitivity of the exciton-exciton correlation coherence to these parameters.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 1999|