Effect of light and diurnal variation on macular thickness in X-linked retinoschisis: a case series

Yair Rubinstein, Chen Weiner, Noa Chetrit, Hadas Newman, Idan Hecht*, Nadav Shoshany, Eran Pras

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Diurnal variations in foveal thickness have been reported in several ocular pathologies including X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS), but its underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Rods are active under scotopic conditions with high metabolic demand, and its decrease may have positive effect on metabolic activity and macular thickness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether exposure to light and diurnal variation influence macular thickness in XLRS patients. Methods: Five patients with clinical suspicion of XLRS underwent RS1 gene sequencing and optical coherence tomography measurements at three consecutive times: morning following sleep in a dark room, morning following sleep in an illuminated room, and late afternoon following sleep in an illuminated room. Central macular thickness (CMT) was compared between measurements, and molecular analysis was performed. Results: Five RS1 mutations were identified: p.Gly140Arg, p.Arg141Cys, p.Gly109Glu, p.Pro193Leu, and p.Arg200His in patients 1–5, respectively. Two patients (4–5) had atrophied macula and were excluded from macular thickness variation analysis. A significant decrease in CMT between morning and afternoon measurements was observed in all patients (1–3: mean: 455.0 ± 32 μm to 342.17 ± 39 μm, 25%). Morning measurements following sleep in an illuminated room show a CMT reduction in all eyes of all patients with a mean reduction of 113 μm (mean: 547.17 ± 105 μm to 455.0 ± 32 μm, 17%). Conclusions: Among XLRS patients, CMT decreased at the afternoon compared to the morning of the same day and may be reduced following sleep in an illuminated room. These results help shed light on the pathophysiologic process underlying intraretinal fluid accumulation involved with the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-536
Number of pages8
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020


FundersFunder number
Consortium for Mapping Retinal Degeneration Disorders in Israel
Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University7205
Claire and Amédée Maratier Institute for the Study of Blindness and Visual Disorders, Tel Aviv University
Health and Medical Research Fund
Ministry of Health, State of Israel
Office of the Chief Scientist, Ministry of Health


    • Diurnal variation
    • RS1
    • X-linked retinoschisis
    • XLRS


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