Effect of interleukin-12 on antitumor activity of human umbilical cord blood and bone marrow cytotoxic cells

R. Condiotti, A. Nagler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-12, a natural killer (NK) cell stimulatory factor, is a heterodimeric cytokine that is known to be a potent activator of non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxicity by peripheral blood- derived NK cells. NK cells (CD3-CD16+/CD56+) represent approximately 15% of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (HUCB MNCs) and are known to be highly sensitive to activation by IL-2. In the present study, we monitored the effect of IL-12 on the cytotoxic activity, proliferation, and phenotypic expression of HUCB-derived resting and IL-2,-activated cytotoxic cells and compared these parameters with those of bone marrow (BM)derived cells. Lymphocytes were separated from HUCB by 3% gelatin sedimentation and incubated with IL-12 and/or IL-2 for 18 hours. At effector:target ratios of 40:1 and 20:1, IL-12 (50 U/mL) significantly increased both resting and IL- 2-activated NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity in a standard 51Cr-release assay against both NK-sensitive (K562) and NK-resistant (Colo-205) cell lines. In addition, resting and IL-2-activated cytotoxic cells derived from HUCB exhibited superior cytolytic ability compared with BM-derived cells. This increase was observed in resting cells as well as in those that were preincubated with IL-12. Moreover, HUCB-derived cells were found to be more sensitive to IL-12 activation than cytotoxic cells from BM. To evaluate the involvement of accessory cells, NK cells were purified from HUCB using immunomagnetic beads, and these cells were found to have a lower response to treatment with IL-12 than unpurified populations. HUCB MNCs exhibited a nonsignificant increase in proliferation after IL-12 treatment and were better able to respond to IL-12 activation than BM MNCs. Following an 18- hour incubation, IL-12 was able to cause upregulation of CD25 and CD69 activation antigens, whereas no significant change in expression of CD16 and CD56 NK cell surface antigens, CD3 on T cells, or IL-12 receptor was observed. Similarly, IL-12 did not affect NK cell:target cell conjugation as assessed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Our results indicate that HUCB-derived NK-mediated cytotoxic capabilities can be increased by IL-12, a finding that may have clinical relevance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-579
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume26
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone marrow
  • Human umbilical cord blood
  • Interleukin-12
  • Interleukin-2
  • Natural killer cells
  • Non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxicity

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