Effect of immunosuppressive drugs on spontaneous DNA repair in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Yaacov Ori, Michal Herman-Edelstein, Boris Zingerman, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Uzi Gafter*, Tsipora Malachi, Anat Gafter-Gvili

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Immunosuppressive treatment increases the risk of post-transplant cancer. Cyclosporine reduced UV-induced DNA repair by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and increased cancer incidence in kidney transplant recipients. Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI), but not mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors or mycophenolic acid, suppressed H2O2-induced DNA repair in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro at maintenance drug concentrations. DNA repair, when measured in quiescent cells, is named spontaneous DNA repair, and represents a basal ongoing DNA repair in response to endogenous DNA damage. The effect of immunosuppressive drugs on spontaneous DNA repair has not been investigated. Aim: To investigate the effect of currently used immunosuppressive drugs on spontaneous DNA repair. Methods: Spontaneous DNA repair by human PBMC was tested in vitro in the presence of the CNI-cyclosporine and tacrolimus; mycophenolic acid (MPA); and the mTOR inhibitors-sirolimus and everolimus, at low to high nontoxic concentrations. Results: Cyclosporine and tacrolimus suppressed spontaneous DNA repair throughout the tested dose range. In contrast, MPA, sirolimus and everolimus did so only at the high doses. Conclusion: A reduction in CNI dosage may lead to a decrease in the occurrence of post-transplant malignancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-413
Number of pages5
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Calcineurin inhibitor
  • DNA repair
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • MTOR inhibitor
  • Mycophenolic acid

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