Effect of gender on acute pain prediction and memory in periodontal surgery

Ilana Eli*, Roni Baht, Avital Kozlovsky, Hanita Simon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Pain is a complex experience that is affected by factors such as gender, stress, anxiety and cognitions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inter-relationship between gender and acute pain prediction and memory under periodontal surgery treatment. The study was conducted on 15 male and 22 female dental patients (mean age 34 yr, mean education level 14.7 yr), who were scheduled for periodontal surgery. Patients were evaluated during four consecutive appointments: at initial check-up, immediately pre-operatively, 1 wk post-operatively, and at 4 wk post-operative follow-up. Patients were requested to complete questionnaires concerning their anxiety at each appointment and to indicate their subjective evaluations concerning pain (on a visual analogue scale). Evaluations concerning expectation to experience pain during the planned surgery (pain prediction) were made at the first two appointments and evaluations of the experienced pain as remembered from the surgery (pain memory) were made at the last two appointments. Gender had a significant effect on pain prediction and pain memory. Men expected to experience more pain pre-operatively than women but remembered less pain post-operatively. It was concluded that cognitive pain perception in clinical situations differs between genders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2000


  • Anxiety
  • Dental
  • Gender
  • Memory
  • Pain
  • Prediction
  • Sex


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