Effect of dietary strategies on respiratory quotient and its association with clinical parameters and organ fat loss: A randomized controlled trial

Ariela Goldenshluger, Keren Constantini, Nir Goldstein, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Yoash Chassidim, Yftach Gepner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The relation between changes in respiratory quotient (RQ) following dietary interventions and clinical parameters and body fat pools remains unknown. In this randomized controlled trial, participants with moderate abdominal obesity or/and dyslipidemia (n = 159) were randomly assigned to a Mediterranean/low carbohydrate (MED/LC, n = 80) or a low fat (LF, n = 79) isocaloric weight loss diet and completed a metabolic assessment. Changes in RQ (measured by indirect calorimeter), adipose-tissue pools (MRI), and clinical measurements were assessed at baseline and after 6 months of intervention. An elevated RQ at baseline was significantly associated with increased visceral adipose tissue, hepatic fat, higher levels of insulin and homeostatic insulin resistance. After 6 months, body weight had decreased similarly between the diet groups (−6 ± 6 kg). However, the MED/LC diet, which greatly improved metabolic health, decreased RQ significantly more than the LF diet (−0.022 ± 0.007 vs. −0.002 ± 0.008, p = 0.005). Total cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure were independently associated with RQ changes (p = 0.045). RQ was positively associated with increased superficial subcutaneous-adipose-tissue but decreased renal sinus, pancreatic, and intramuscular fats after adjusting for confounders. Fasting RQ may reflect differences in metabolic characteristics between subjects affecting their potential individual response to the diet.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2230
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Indirect calorimetry
  • Intra-abdominal fat
  • Respiratory quotient
  • Weight loss

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