Effect of Cyclopentolate on in Vivo Schlemm Canal Microarchitecture in Healthy Subjects

Michael S. Rosman, Alon Skaat, Jason L. Chien, Mark P. Ghassibi, Tarela F. Sarimiye, Robert Ritch, Jeffrey M. Liebmann, Sung Chul Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To characterize the in vivo effect of cyclopentolate on the microstructure of Schlemm canal (SC) in healthy eyes. Methods: For healthy subjects, 81 serial horizontal enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography B-scans (interval between scans, ∼35 μm) of the nasal corneoscleral limbal area were obtained before and 1 hour after cyclopentolate 1% administration in 1 eye. The structures of aqueous and blood vessels in each scan were used as landmarks to select 50 overlapping scans between the 2 sets of 81 serial scans (before and after cyclopentolate administration). The SC cross-sectional area was measured in each of the 50 selected scans. After 3-dimensional reconstruction, SC volume was determined. Results: Twelve eyes (12 healthy subjects) were imaged successfully before and after cyclopentolate administration. Mean age was 27.8±4.9 years (range, 25 to 38 y). Following cyclopentolate administration, mean intraocular pressure did not change significantly (13.9±1.5 to 14.2±1.5 mm Hg; P=0.19). Mean SC cross-sectional area decreased by 17%, from 3563±706 to 2959±460 μm 2 (P<0.001). Mean SC volume in the overlapping area (approximately 1.7 mm of circumferential length of SC) decreased from 6,164,061±1,220,787 to 5,119,462±794,763 μm 3 (P<0.001). The decrease in the mean SC cross-sectional area after cyclopentolate administration was greater in eyes with larger baseline SC cross-sectional area (P<0.001, R=0.873). Conclusions: Cyclopentolate causes a reduction in SC dimensions in healthy eyes. Future studies are warranted to determine the exact mechanism(s) of this change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • cyclopentolate
  • optical coherence tomography
  • Schlemm canal

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