Effect of crown to implant ratio and implant dimensions on periimplant stress of splinted implant-supported crowns: A finite element analysis

Mehmet Bayraktar, B. Alper Gultekin, Serdar Yalcin, Eitan Mijiritsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To assess the influence of different crown-implant (C/I) ratios and implant dimensions on periimplant stress in the partially edentulous posterior mandible by 3-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Two implants were placed in the second premolar and first molar regions of the mandibular model. The implants were then splinted with a 2-unit fixed bridge. The influence of 3 parameters (C/I ratio, implant length, and implant diameter) on periimplant bone stress was then analyzed by using FEA. RESULTS:: C/I ratios showed a direct relationship with periimplant bone stress, but the absolute height of the clinical crown had a much more significant influence. The implant length had less influence on the periimplant bone stress than the implant diameter. Lower stress values were detected in wide-diameter implants, even in scenarios involving long crowns. CONCLUSIONS:: Crown height is a more important factor affecting the periimplant bone stress than the C/I ratio for splinted implant-supported crowns. Two-unit fixed restorations with high C/I ratios may be successfully used with wide-diameter implants in the posterior mandible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalImplant Dentistry
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • crown to implant ratio
  • finite element analysis
  • implant dimension
  • posterior mandible

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