Effect of Andrographis paniculata polysaccharide on human retinoblastoma Y79 cell proliferation and apoptosis

Bing Xu, Lei Li, Wei Zhang, Yue Li, Mao Ren Wang, Jing Chen Liu, Kai Ye Dong, Ido Didi Fabian, Dong Qiu, Cai Rui Li*, Yi Min Xiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AIM: To explore the effect of the Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) polysaccharide on the proliferation and apoptosis of human retinoblastoma (RB) Y79 cells and its mechanism. METHODS: The refined A. paniculata polysaccharide was obtained using techniques such as water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and decompression concentration. The inhibition effect of the A. paniculata polysaccharide on the proliferation of Y79 cells was detected by cell proliferation assay. Flow cytometry was used for the detection of cell apoptosis rate and cycle change. Real-time qunatitative polymerase chain reaction (RT qPCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of cell apoptosis signal pathway-related factors (caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9) and cell cycle signal pathway-related factors (CDK1 and cyclinB1) at the transcriptional and translational levels. RESULTS: Infrared and ultraviolet spectrum scanning showed that the extracted drug was a polysaccharide with high purity. After being treated with different concentrations of A. paniculata polysaccharide for different periods of time, the Y79 cells showed different degrees of proliferation inhibition. Flow cytometric observations showed that the cell apoptosis rate and the proportion of cells blocked in the G2/M phase were significantly increased after A. paniculata polysaccharide treatment. Further analysis revealed that the mRNA and protein expression of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 in the A. paniculata polysaccharide treatment groups increased significantly compared with that in the control groups, while the expression of CDK1 and cyclinB1 decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: The A. paniculata polysaccharide could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Y79 cells. Its possible mechanism is via the upregulation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 expression in the cell apoptotic signaling pathway and the downregulation of CDK1 and cyclinB1 expression in the cell cycle signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-503
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 18 Apr 2021


  • Apoptosis
  • Cell cycle
  • Cell proliferation
  • Retinoblastoma


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