Effect of Alfacalcidol on multiple sclerosis-related fatigue: A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study

Anat Achiron, Uri Givon, David Magalashvili, Mark Dolev, Sigal Liraz Zaltzman, Alon Kalron, Yael Stern, Zeev Mazor, David Ladkani, Yoram Barak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS); however, there is no medication that has been approved specifically to treat MS-related fatigue. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin D analogue, Alfacalcidol, on MS-related fatigue. Design, settings, participants: This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled trial in patients with clinically definite MS by McDonald criteria conducted in a single university-affiliated medical center in Israel. Randomly selected patients from the Sheba MS Registry computerized database (N=600) were assessed using the self-report Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). Patients with clinically meaningful fatigue (N=259) were further assessed for trial eligibility, and MS patients with significant fatigue (N=158; 61%, 118 females, mean age 41.1 ± 9.2 years and mean disease duration of 6.2 ± 5.5 years) were included in the study and randomized to receive treatment or placebo. Intervention: Alfacalcidol (1 mcg/d, N=80) or placebo (N=78) was administered for six consecutive months. Main outcome measure: The primary endpoint of the study was the change between Alfacalcidol and placebo-treated patients in the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS) score; the cut-off point for improvement was defined as 30% decrease. All analyses followed the intention-to-treat principle and were performed for all participants based on the group they were randomly allocated regardless of whether or not they dropped out. Results: Alfacalcidol decreased the mean relative FIS score as compared with placebo (41.6% vs. 27.4%, p=0.007, respectively). This advantage was further emphasized when the modified FIS (MFIS) relative change was calculated. Quality of Life (QoL) improved in Alfacalcidol-treated patients as compared with placebo in the RAYS psychological (p=0.033) and social (p=0.043) sub-scales. The Alfacalcidol- treated group had reduced number of relapses (p=0.006) and higher proportion of relapse-free patients (p=0.007). Reduction of relapses by Alfacalcidol became significant at 4 months of treatment, was sustained at 6 months and decayed 2 months after drug discontinuation. Alfacalcidol treatment was safe and no serious adverse events were recorded. Conclusion: Alfacalcidol is a safe and effective treatment strategy to decrease fatigue and improve QoL in patients with MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-775
Number of pages9
JournalMultiple Sclerosis Journal
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 May 2015

Keywords

  • Alfacalcidol
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Quality of Life
  • clinical trial
  • fatigue

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