Effect of aging on cytokine production in normal and experimental systemic lupus erythematosus-afflicted mice

M. Dayan, R. Segal, A. Globerson, B. Habut, G. M. Shearer, E. Mozes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aging mice of strains susceptible to the induction of experimental systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) develop a milder disease than young animals. To find out whether the decrease in susceptibility to disease is due to age-associated changes in cytokine profile, we first examined the secretion of cytokines by healthy mice aged 2-15 months. A gradual age-related decline in the levels of interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN) γ, and an increase in IL-4, IL-10, IL-1, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α were observed. Experimental SLE was induced in 2- and 10-month-old mice by immunization with the monoclonal anti-DNA antibody bearing the 16/6 Id. Early increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNFα and IL-1), followed by a peak of the Th1-type cytokines (IL-2, IFNγ) were observed in young mice. The Th2-type cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) peaked later. In contrast, only a mild increase in all of the above cytokines was determined in 10-month immunized mice. It thus appears that the decline in susceptibility to SLE induction in older mice may be related to changes in the capacity to produce cytokines. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-236
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cytokine profile
  • Experimental systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

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