Effect of age on outcome of bilateral skeletonized internal thoracic artery grafting

Jacob Gurevitch, Menachem Matsa, Yosef Paz, Amir Kramer, Dimitri Pevni, Itzhak Shapira, Rephael Mohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Elderly patients are considered to be at higher risk for coronary artery bypass grafting. Surgical techniques of arterial myocardial revascularization without vein grafts were primarily reserved for the young. This report evaluates the impact of age on the outcome of 634 consecutive patients who underwent double skeletonized internal thoracic artery grafting between April 1996 and December 1997. Methods. Patients were stratified into five age groups: One hundred ninety-six were less than 60 years of age, 98 between 60 and 65 years, 132 between 65 and 70 years, 116 between 70 and 75 years, and 92 were older than 75 years. The groups did not differ with regard to preoperative risk factors. Results. Hospital mortality was 2.5% (n = 16). Mortality of urgent and elective operations was 1.6%, and that of emergency operations was 9.7% (p < 0.001). There were 7 (1.1%) myocardial infarctions, 9 strokes (1.4%), and 10 deep sternal wound infections (1.6%). Using the Mantel-Haenszel test, there was no relation between age and hospital mortality, myocardial infarctions, strokes, or sternal infections. A correlation was found between advanced age and early unfavorable events (6.7%, 7.2%, 12.9%, 15.5%, and 15.2% in corresponding age groups, p < 0.003), and late mortality (0.6%, 1%, 1.5%, 4.3%, and 9.8%, respectively, p < 0.01). However, early return of angina was lower (2.6%, 1%, 0.8%, 0.9%, and 0%, p < 0.06). Conclusions. This retrospective, nonrandomized study suggests that older age is not a risk factor for operative mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with double skeletonized internal thoracic arteries. Apart from avoiding morbidity associated with leg incisions, older patients showed an interesting trend toward lower rates of angina return. Older patients, however, sustained increased perioperative morbidity and late mortality rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-554
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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