Ecthyma Gangrenosum Without Bacteremia: Report of Six Cases and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

We encountered six patients with ecthyma gangrenosum due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa who, uncharacteristically, had no evidence of bacteremia prior to the institution of antibiotic therapy. Seven similar cases have previously been reported in the English-language medical literature. These 13 patients resembled those with classic ecthyma gangrenosum accompanied by Pseudomonas septicemia in being immunocompromised and neutropenic and having skin lesions at similar sites. The most striking difference between these two groups of patients was a significantly lower mortality rate for the nonbacteremic patients. These findings suggest that ecthyma gangrenosum can occur as a primary skin lesion in the absence of bacteremia. Patients with this particular subtype of infection appear to have a better prognosis than those having a preceding bacteremia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-301
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume147
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

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