Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether radiographically demonstrated proximal stent graft contour can be used as a marker for security of proximal neck fixation after endovascular aneurysm repair. Methods: Stent graft structure was examined in 100 consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms who were treated with the stent graft. Stent graft integrity, stent contour, angulation, compression, and position were assessed by use of plain abdominal radiography, and the results were correlated with contrast computed tomography (CT) scanning, clinical findings, and outcomes. Repeated imaging was carried out during follow-up of 3 to 38 (mean, 12) months. Results: Stent graft repair was successful in all 100 patients. No stent fractures were identified. Concentric compression of the proximal portion of the stent graft was visible in 69% of patients and reflected deliberate oversizing of the stent graft at the time of implantation. In 5% of patients, a short eccentric compression deformity, of the proximal stent was observed. This finding was associated with an increased risk of stent graft migration (P < .01) and with an increased risk for development of a late proximal (type I) endoleak (P < .01). Compared with CT scanning, abdominal radiography was less useful for assessment of short distances of migration (sensitivity 67%; specificity 79%). However, they provided better definition of the stent graft in relation to bony landmarks and better visualization of aortic calcification than CT with three-dimensional reconstruction. Conclusion: Plain abdominal radiographs are important in the postoperative evaluation of patients with aortic stent grafts. They allow for more precise evaluation of the structural elements of the stent graft than CT scanning and may disclose inadequate proximal fixation by demonstration of an eccentric compression deformity. They are less useful for assessment of migration.