This study examines changes in the earnings gap between native-born Israeli Jewish men and women during the 1980s and early 1990s. The sample of native-born Israeli women was broken into two sub-groups: one of Western origin and the other of Eastern origin. Both were compared to the dominant group in the Israeli labor market, namely native-born Jewish men of Western origin. Three Income Surveys were used for this purpose: 1982, 1987, and 1993. The results indicate that almost the entire gender-based earnings gap is not due to productivity-related variables, and that this figure has not changed much during this period.