Early removal of a permanent catheter during the acute management of the unstable pediatric hemato-oncology patient with suspected catheter-related bloodstream infection: a multi-disciplinary survey and review of the literature

Neta Cohen*, Tom Rosenberg, Ayelet Rimon, Shirley Friedman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are no guidelines for the optimal manner and timing of permanent central catheter removal in the hemodynamically unstable pediatric hemato-oncology patient with suspected catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI). Our goals were to examine current practices of permanent central catheter management and choice of removal in the hemodynamically unstable pediatric patient with suspected CRBSI among practitioners in diverse subspecialties. We performed a literature review on the subject, and conducted a multi-disciplinary survey included pediatric oncologists, pediatric emergency medicine physicians, and pediatric intensive care physicians whom we queried about their choice of permanent central catheter management and removal while treating the hemodynamically unstable pediatric patient with suspected CRBSI. Most of the 78 responders (n = 47, 59%) preferred to utilize the existing permanent central catheter for initial intravenous access rather than an alternative access. There were no significant differences between physician subspecialties (p = 0.29) or training levels (p = 0.14). Significantly more pediatric emergency medicine physicians preferred not to remove the permanent central catheter at any time point compared to the pediatric hemato-oncologists, who preferred to remove it at some point during the acute presentation (44.4% vs. 9.4%, respectively, p = 0.02). Conclusion: Our study findings reflect the need for uniform guidelines on permanent central catheter use and indications for its removal in the hemodynamically unstable pediatric patient. We suggest that permanent central catheter removal should be urgently considered in a deteriorating patient who failed to be stabilized with medical treatment.What is Known:• There are no guidelines for the optimal choice and timing of permanent central catheter removal in the hemodynamically unstable pediatric hemato-oncology patient with suspected catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI).What is New:• We found variations in practices among pediatricians from diverse subspecialties and conflicting data in the literature.• There is a need for prospective studies to provide uniform guidelines for optimal management of suspected CRBSI in the hemodynamically unstable pediatric patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-802
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume182
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Hemato-oncology patients
  • Hemodynamic instability
  • Pediatric patients
  • Permanent central catheter removal
  • Suspected catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI)

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