Early Initiation of Aspirin After Prostate and Transurethral Bladder Surgeries is Not Associated With Increased Incidence of Postoperative Bleeding: A Prospective, Randomized Trial

Y. Ehrlich, O. Yossepowitch, D. Margel, D. Lask, P. M. Livne, J. Baniel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Lower urinary tract operations are being increasingly performed in elderly patients, in whom aspirin intake is common for preventing cardiovascular disease. We determined the safety of early aspirin re-initiation after lower urinary tract surgeries. Materials and Methods: A randomized, open label clinical trial was done. The study cohort included patients referred for transurethral prostatectomy, open prostatectomy and transurethral resection of bladder tumor while receiving aspirin prophylaxis. After controlling for surgical modality patients were randomized into 2 arms, including aspirin treatment initiation 24 hours after discontinuing of bladder irrigation (early treatment group) and aspirin treatment initiation 3 weeks after surgery (late treatment group). Primary end points were pre-discharge hematuria necessitating the restoration of bladder irrigation or the cessation of aspirin treatment and late hematuria treated in an urgent care setting, requiring hospital admission or compelling the cessation of aspirin treatment. Results: A total of 120 patients were enrolled, including 60 per treatment group. There were no significant differences between the groups in surgery related factors that could have affected postoperative bleeding. Primary end points were attained by 16 of the 120 patients (13.6%), including 10 of the 60 (16.7%) in the early treatment group and 6 (10%) in the late treatment group (p = 0.28). Time to catheter removal and persistent hematuria duration were similar in the 2 groups. Cardiovascular morbidity was noted in 3 of 120 patients, of whom all were assigned to the early treatment group. Conclusions: Early aspirin initiation after lower urinary tract surgeries does not appear to carry an increased risk of postoperative bleeding. Thus, it may be considered in patients at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-528
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aspirin
  • bladder
  • hematuria
  • postoperative complications
  • prostate

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