TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamics of quantum entropy maximization for finite-level systems

AU - Selivanov, A. A.

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - The problem of constructing models for the statistical dynamics of finite-level quantum mechanical systems is considered. The maximum entropy principle formulated by E. T. Jaynes in 1957 and asserting that the entropy of any physical system increases until it attains its maximum value under constraints imposed by other physical laws is applied. In accordance with this principle, the von Neumann entropy is taken for the objective function; a dynamical equation describing the evolution of the density operator in finite-level systems is derived by using the speed gradient principle. In this case, physical constraints are the mass conservation law and the energy conservation law. The stability of the equilibrium points of the system thus obtained is investigated. By using LaSalle's theorem, it is shown that the density function tends to a Gibbs distribution, under which the entropy attains its maximum. The method is exemplified by analyzing a finite system of identical particles distributed between cells. Results of numerical simulation are presented.

AB - The problem of constructing models for the statistical dynamics of finite-level quantum mechanical systems is considered. The maximum entropy principle formulated by E. T. Jaynes in 1957 and asserting that the entropy of any physical system increases until it attains its maximum value under constraints imposed by other physical laws is applied. In accordance with this principle, the von Neumann entropy is taken for the objective function; a dynamical equation describing the evolution of the density operator in finite-level systems is derived by using the speed gradient principle. In this case, physical constraints are the mass conservation law and the energy conservation law. The stability of the equilibrium points of the system thus obtained is investigated. By using LaSalle's theorem, it is shown that the density function tends to a Gibbs distribution, under which the entropy attains its maximum. The method is exemplified by analyzing a finite system of identical particles distributed between cells. Results of numerical simulation are presented.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859724126&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3103/S106345411104011X

DO - 10.3103/S106345411104011X

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AN - SCOPUS:84859724126

SN - 1063-4541

VL - 44

SP - 301

EP - 308

JO - Vestnik St. Petersburg University: Mathematics

JF - Vestnik St. Petersburg University: Mathematics

IS - 4

ER -