Dynamic 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT for the Primary Evaluation of Localized Renal Mass: A Prospective Study

Shay Golan, Tzach Aviv, David Groshar, Maxim Yakimov, Yaniv Zohar, Yoad Prokocimer, Andrei Nadu, Jack Baniel, Liran Domachevsky, Hanna Bernstine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The potential role of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT in non-prostate cancer tumors has shown promising results. We examined the performance of dynamic 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT (DPSMA) for the evaluation of localized renal mass. Methods: A prospective case series of patients with a newly diagnosed renal mass who were referred for surgery was examined. DPSMA was performed in a standardized manner before surgery. The final surgical histology served as the standard of reference. PSMA expression in the tumor vasculature was assessed and staining intensity was scored. Tracer uptake and PSMA expression were compared between benign and malignant tissue. Results: Of 29 enhancing renal masses evaluated in 27 patients, 24 (83%) were malignant lesions. The median SUVmean of benign and malignant lesions was 2.3 (interquartile range [IQR], 2.2-2.7) and 6.8 (IQR, 4.2-10.1), respectively (P = 0.009). Median SUVmax of benign and malignant lesions was 3.8 (IQR, 3.3-4.5) and 9.4 (IQR, 5.4-15.8), respectively (P = 0.015). The median washout coefficient (K2) was significantly lower in malignant lesions than in benign lesions (0.17 vs. 0.70, P = 0.02). Positive PSMA staining was found in 20 of 24 malignant lesions and in 2 of 5 benign lesions (P = 0.04). Conclusion: This pilot study demonstrated DPSMA uptake and kinetics in localized renal masses. Increased 68Ga-PSMA-11 tracer uptake and intratumoral retention correlate with PSMA expression in malignant renal tumors compared with benign renal masses, supporting further assessment of DPSMA as a potential tool for evaluating localized renal masses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-778
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • 68Ga-PSMA-11
  • PET/CT
  • carcinoma
  • kidney

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